The Franz Boas Papers is a collaborative project that relies on the exceptional effort and support of all our partner organizations:


Special thanks to the generous funding provided by

the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.


James Teit and Susanna Lucy Antko

James Teit and his wife, Susanna Lucy Antko  Photo: Harlan I. Smith, Spence's Bridge, B.C. 1897

photo credit:  University of Idaho Archives